JOURNAL ARTICLE

Intraoperative assessment of esophagogastric junction distensibility during per oral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) for esophageal motility disorders

Erwin Rieder, Lee L Swanström, Silvana Perretta, Johannes Lenglinger, Martin Riegler, Christy M Dunst
Surgical Endoscopy 2013, 27 (2): 400-5
22955896

BACKGROUND: Per oral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) is a novel treatment for esophageal motility disorders such as achalasia. To date, the extent of the myotomy has been determined based on the subjective assessment of the endoscopist. We hypothesized that the real-time measurement of esophagogastric junction (EGJ) distensibility using a novel functional lumen-imaging probe would enable objective evaluation of POEM.

METHODS: Patients diagnosed with achalasia disorders electively underwent POEM. Using impedance planimetry with a transorally inserted functional lumen-imaging probe (EndoFLIP), cross-sectional areas (CSA) and distensibilities at the EGJ were measured intraoperatively immediately before and after the transoral myotomy (n = 4). All patients completed their 6-month follow-up and two patients had repeat distensibility tests at this time. Four healthy volunteers served as a control group.

RESULTS: POEM was successfully performed in all patients (4/4). Premyotomy measurements (40-ml fill mode) showed a median diameter of 6.5 mm (range = 5.2-7.9 mm) at the narrowest location of the EGJ and was 10.1 mm (7.3-13.2 mm) following POEM. CSA increased from 41.5 mm(2) (20-49 mm(2)) to 86 mm(2) (41-137 mm(2)) at a similar median intraballoon pressure (40.3 vs. 38.6 mmHg). The increased EGJ distensibility (DI, 1.0 vs. 2.4 mm(2)/mmHg) was comparable to that of healthy volunteers (2.7 mm(2)/mmHg).

CONCLUSION: Functional lumen distensibility measures show that POEM can result in an immediate correction of the nonrelaxing lower esophageal sphincter, which appears similar to that of healthy controls. Intraoperative EGJ profiling may be an important tool to objectively guide the needed extent and completeness of the myotomy during POEM.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
22955896
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"