Large-diameter Delta ceramic-on-ceramic versus common-sized ceramic-on-polyethylene bearings in THA

Pengde Cai, Yihe Hu, Jie Xie
Orthopedics 2012, 35 (9): e1307-13
The higher failure rate of total hip arthroplasty (THA) in young, active patients remains a challenge for surgeons. Recently, larger-diameter femoral heads combined with an alumina matrix composite ceramic (BIOLOX Delta; CeramTec AG, Plochingen, Germany) articulation was developed to improve implant longevity and meet patients' activity demands while reducing the risk of component-related complications. The purpose of this study was to determine whether this new device may provide advantages for young, active patients. A prospective, randomized, controlled trial was conducted on 93 patients (113 THAs) with more than 3 years of follow-up. Patients were randomly divided into a study group (51 THAs) with a 36-mm Delta ceramic-on-ceramic (COC) articulation and a control group (62 THAs) with a common-sized alumina ceramic head on polyethylene liner (COP) articulation. Clinical and radiographic results were collected to compare the outcomes and complications, including implant-related failures, osteolysis, and noises. The large-diameter Delta COC articulation provided greater range of motion improvement (6.1° more), similar Harris Hip Scores, and similar complication rates compared with the alumina COP articulation. This study suggests that in the short term, the large-diameter Delta COC articulation results in better range of motion with no higher complication rates; however, mid-term (8-10 years) or longer follow-up is necessary to determine its superiority in young, active patients.

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