Structure-function relationship between the octopus perimeter cluster mean sensitivity and sector retinal nerve fiber layer thickness measured with the RTVue optical coherence tomography and scanning laser polarimetry

Farzaneh Naghizadeh, Anita Garas, Péter Vargha, Gábor Holló
Journal of Glaucoma 2014, 23 (1): 11-8

PURPOSE: To determine structure-function relationship between each of 16 Octopus perimeter G2 program clusters and the corresponding 16 peripapillary sector retinal nerve fiber layer thickness (RNFLT) values measured with the RTVue-100 Fourier-domain optical coherence tomography (RTVue OCT) and scanning laser polarimetry with variable corneal compensation (GDx-VCC) and enhanced corneal compensation (GDx-ECC) corneal compensation.

METHODS: One eye of 110 white patients (15 healthy, 20 ocular hypertensive, and 75 glaucoma eyes) were investigated. The Akaike information criterion and the F test were used to identify the best fitting model.

RESULTS: Parabolic relationship with logarithmic cluster mean sensitivity and linear sector RNFLT values provided the best fit. For RTVue OCT, significant (P<0.0001) coefficients of determination (R) were found for all 16 RNFLT sectors. The R values were highest for the temporal, superotemporal, and inferotemporal RNFLT sectors (0.4483 to 0.5186). For GDx-VCC/ECC, significant (P<0.01) parabolic relationship was seen for all but the temporal and nasal RNFLT sectors. The overall highest R value (0.6943) was found for a superotemporal RNFLT sector with GDx-ECC. For some RNFLT sectors, the goodness of fit differed significantly between the imaging methods. Structure-function relationship was similar for the total population and the glaucoma subgroup, whereas no relationship (P>0.05) was found for the control eyes.

CONCLUSIONS: Mean sensitivity of the Octopus visual field clusters showed significant parabolic relationship with the corresponding peripapillary RNFLT sectors. The relationship was more general with the RTVue OCT than GDx-VCC or GDx-ECC. The results show that visual field clusters of the Octopus G program can be applied for detailed structure-function research.

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