Alendronate-conjugated amphiphilic hyperbranched polymer based on Boltorn H40 and poly(ethylene glycol) for bone-targeted drug delivery

Hongying Chen, Guolin Li, Huirong Chi, Dali Wang, Chunlai Tu, Lijie Pan, Lijuan Zhu, Feng Qiu, Fulin Guo, Xinyuan Zhu
Bioconjugate Chemistry 2012 September 19, 23 (9): 1915-24
A novel type of alendronate(ALE)-conjugated amphiphilic hyperbranched copolymer based on a hydrophobic hyperbranched Boltorn H40 (H40) core with ALE targeting moiety and many hydrophilic poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) arms was synthesized as a carrier for bone-targeted drug delivery. The star copolymer H40-star-PEG/ALE was characterized using nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), and gel permeation chromatography (GPC) analysis. Benefiting from its highly branched structure, H40-star-PEG/ALE could form micelles in aqueous solution, which was confirmed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM) and dynamic light scattering (DLS) techniques. The cytotoxicity and hemolysis of the H40-star-PEG/ALE micelles were evaluated via methylthiazoletetrazolium (MTT) assay against NIH/3T3 normal cells and red blood cell (RBC) lysis assay, respectively. As a model anticancer drug, doxorubicin (DOX) was encapsulated into the H40-star-PEG/ALE micelles. The anticancer activity of DOX-loaded micelles was evaluated by MTT assay against an HN-6 human head and neck carcinoma cell line. The strong affinity of H40-star-PEG/ALE micelles to bone was confirmed by the hydroxyapatite (HA) binding assay. These results indicate that the H40-star-PEG/ALE micelles are highly promising bone-targeted drug carriers for skeletal metastases.

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