JOURNAL ARTICLE

Subclavian artery cannulation for venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation

Jeffrey Javidfar, Daniel Brodie, Joseph Costa, Joanna Miller, Julissa Jurrado, Matthew LaVelle, Alexis Newmark, Hiroo Takayama, Joshua R Sonett, Matthew Bacchetta
ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs 2012, 58 (5): 494-8
22929897
Femoral artery cannulation for venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) can be associated with ischemic and neurologic complications. The subclavian artery offers an alternative cannulation site, which is helpful in patients with peripheral vascular disease, in those who have sustained pelvic trauma, or when ambulation is anticipated. This is a single-institution review of 20 adults who were placed on venoarterial ECMO using subclavian arterial cannulation over a 2 year period. Technical success with subclavian venoarterial ECMO was 100%. Median ECMO time was 168 hours (2.4-720 hours). Sufficient flows (median 4.24 L/min), oxygenation (median postcannulation PaO2 315 mm Hg), and ventricular unloading confirmed with intraoperative transesophageal echocardiogram were achieved in all patients. Seventy-five percent of patients were decannulated, 50% were extubated, and 45% were discharged. Seven patients (35%) had an entirely upper body ECMO configuration with the internal jugular vein serving as the venous drainage site. Complications included arterial cannula site hematoma and infection, as well as ipsilateral arm swelling. Each required conversion to femoral artery cannulation. There were no ischemic or neurologic complications. Patients with acute cardiopulmonary failure can safely be placed on subclavian venoarterial ECMO for prolonged periods with full flows, adequate oxygenation, and sufficient ventricular unloading.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
22929897
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"