JOURNAL ARTICLE

Clinical and dosimetric predictors of radiation pneumonitis in a large series of patients treated with stereotactic body radiation therapy to the lung

Ryan Baker, Gang Han, Siriporn Sarangkasiri, MaryLou DeMarco, Carolyn Turke, Craig W Stevens, Thomas J Dilling
International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics 2013 January 1, 85 (1): 190-5
22929858

PURPOSE: To report clinical and dosimetric factors predictive of radiation pneumonitis (RP) in patients receiving lung stereotactic body radiation therapy (SBRT) from a series of 240 patients.

METHODS AND MATERIALS: Of the 297 isocenters treating 263 patients, 240 patients (n=263 isocenters) had evaluable information regarding RP. Age, gender, current smoking status and pack-years, O2 use, Charlson Comorbidity Index, prior lung radiation therapy (yes/no), dose/fractionation, V5, V13, V20, Vprescription, mean lung dose, planning target volume (PTV), total lung volume, and PTV/lung volume ratio were recorded.

RESULTS: Twenty-nine patients (11.0%) developed symptomatic pneumonitis (26 grade 2, 3 grade 3). The mean V20 was 6.5% (range, 0.4%-20.2%), and the average mean lung dose was 5.03 Gy (0.547-12.2 Gy). In univariable analysis female gender (P=.0257) and Charlson Comorbidity index (P=.0366) were significantly predictive of RP. Among dosimetric parameters, V5 (P=.0186), V13 (P=.0438), and Vprescription (where dose=60 Gy) (P=.0128) were significant. There was only a trend toward significance for V20 (P=.0610). Planning target volume/normal lung volume ratio was highly significant (P=.0024). In multivariable analysis the clinical factors of female gender, pack-years smoking, and larger gross internal tumor volume and PTV were predictive (P=.0094, .0312, .0364, and .052, respectively), but no dosimetric factors were significant.

CONCLUSIONS: Rate of symptomatic RP was 11%. Our mean lung dose was <600 cGy in most cases and V20<10%. In univariable analysis, dosimetric factors were predictive, while tumor size (or tumor/lung volume ratio) played a role in multivariable and univariable and analysis, respectively.

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