CIP2A is overexpressed in human ovarian cancer and regulates cell proliferation and apoptosis

Yuanyuan Fang, Zhengtao Li, Xiuxia Wang, Shulan Zhang
Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine 2012, 33 (6): 2299-306
CIP2A is a recently characterized oncoprotein which involves in the progression of several human malignancies. This study aimed to investigate its clinical significance and biological function in ovarian cancer. CIP2A expression was analyzed in 152 archived ovarian cancer specimens using immunohistochemistry. One hundred cases (65.79 %) showed CIP2A overexpression, including 63 of 92 serous carcinomas (68.48 %), 21 of 33 endometrioid carcinomas (63.64 %), 12 of 23 mucinous carcinomas (52.17 %), and 4 of 4 clear cell carcinomas (100 %). There is no significant difference of CIP2A expression between serous tumors and all other morphologies combined. CIP2A overexpression positively correlated with advanced FIGO stage (p = 0.0336) and tumor grade (p = 0.0213). siRNA knockdown was performed in A2780 and SKOV3 cell lines. MTT, colony formation assay, and flow cytometry were carried out to assess the role of CIP2A in proliferation, cell cycle, and apoptosis. CIP2A depletion in ovarian cancer cell lines inhibited proliferation, blocked cell cycle progression, and increased paclitaxel-induced apoptosis. Furthermore, CIP2A depletion downregulated cyclin D1, c-myc, phospho-Rb, Bcl-2, and phospho-AKT expression. These results validate the role of CIP2A as a clinically relevant oncoprotein and establish CIP2A as a promising therapeutic target of ovarian cancer.

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