IDH1 mutations in diffusely infiltrating astrocytomas: grade specificity, association with protein expression, and clinical relevance

Balaram Thota, Sudhanshu K Shukla, Mallavarapu R Srividya, Shivayogi D Shwetha, Arimappamagan Arivazhagan, Kandavel Thennarasu, Yasha T Chickabasaviah, Alangar S Hegde, Bangalore A Chandramouli, Kumarvel Somasundaram, Vani Santosh
American Journal of Clinical Pathology 2012, 138 (2): 177-84
IDH1 mutations are frequent genetic alterations in low-grade diffuse gliomas and secondary glioblastoma (GBM). To validate mutation frequency, IDH1 gene at codon 132 was sequenced in 74 diffusely infiltrating astrocytomas: diffuse astrocytoma (DA; World Health Organization [WHO] grade II), anaplastic astrocytoma (AA; WHO grade III), and GBM (WHO grade IV). All cases were immunostained with IDH1-R132H monoclonal antibody. Mutational status was correlated with mutant protein expression, patient age, duration of symptoms, and prognosis of patients with GBM. We detected 31 (41.9%) heterozygous IDH1 mutations resulting in arginine-to-histidine substitution (R132H;CGT-CAT). All 12 DAs (100%), 13 of 14 AAs (92.9%), and 6 of 48 GBMs (12.5%) (5/6 [83.3%] secondary, and 1/42 [2.4%] primary) harbored IDH1 mutations. The correlation between mutational status and protein expression was significant (P < . 001). IDH1 mutation status, though not associated with prognosis of patients with GBM, showed significant association with younger age and longer duration of symptoms in the whole cohort (P < .001). Our study validates IDH1 mutant protein expression across various grades of astrocytoma, and demonstrates a high incidence of IDH1 mutations in DA, AA, and secondary GBM.

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