Carbon dioxide adsorption by physisorption and chemisorption interactions in piperazine-grafted Ni2(dobdc) (dobdc = 1,4-dioxido-2,5-benzenedicarboxylate)

Anita Das, Peter D Southon, Ming Zhao, Cameron J Kepert, Andrew T Harris, Deanna M D'Alessandro
Dalton Transactions: An International Journal of Inorganic Chemistry 2012 October 14, 41 (38): 11739-44
The metal-organic framework Ni(2)(dobdc) (CPO-27-Ni, where dobdc = 1,4-dioxido-2,5-benzenedicarboxylate) has been post-synthetically modified with piperazine (pip) - a known 'accelerator' to improve the kinetics of CO(2) uptake in alkanolamine solvents for chemical absorption - and the impact of the modification on the CO(2) uptake and selectivity over N(2) has been probed. While the modified framework, Ni(2)(dobdc)(pip)(0.5) (pip-CPO-27-Ni), exhibits a lower uptake of CO(2) compared with the non-grafted material, the selectivity for CO(2) over N(2) at 25 °C and at pressures pertinent to post-combustion flue gas capture (0.1-0.15 bar) is enhanced. Mechanistically, the interaction between the CO(2) molecules and the free amine sites in pip-CPO-27-Ni occurs via physisorption and chemisorption interactions, in which CO(2) binds to the framework with an isosteric heat of adsorption (-Q(st)) of 40.5 kJ mol(-1) at very low coverage (P = 0.033 mbar), followed by binding at a higher heat of adsorption (-Q(st) = 46.2 kJ mol(-1) at P = 3.55 mbar). Pure water adsorption isotherms revealed a two-step mechanism for uptake in CPO-27-Ni, consistent with adsorption into the first and second hydration spheres of Ni(2+) followed by subsequent uptake via physisorption into the pores. Additional steric hindrance in pip-CPO-27-Ni results in a single step only. The working capacity over multiple cycles was also investigated using a temperature swing adsorption process which revealed reversible CO(2) adsorption and desorption of 10 wt% over 10 cycles.

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