Applicability of buccal fat pad grafting for oral reconstruction

Y Toshihiro, Y Nariai, Y Takamura, H Yoshimura, T Tobita, A Yoshino, H Tatsumi, K Tsunematsu, S Ohba, S Kondo, C Yanai, H Ishibashi, J Sekine
International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery 2013, 42 (5): 604-10
This study evaluated the applicability of pedicled buccal fat pad grafting for the reconstruction of defects surgically created during oral surgery. A buccal fat pad graft was applied in 23 patients (5 males, 18 females; mean age 68.3 years) between 2003 and 2011. The graft was used to cover surgical defects of the palate, maxilla, upper gingiva, buccal mucosa, lower gingiva, oral floor, and temporomandibular joint region. Size of the surgical defects ranged from 15mm×12mm to 30mm×40mm; size of the buccal fat pad ranged from 15mm×12mm to 43mm×38mm. A pedicled buccal fat pad was prepared by incising the maxillary vestibule following primary surgery, and the surrounding connective tissue was preserved to supply nutrition to the pedicle during surgery. The buccal fat pad was placed on the raw surface of soft tissue or bone surface and sutured to the surrounding tissue of the defect. Complete epithelialization was observed within 4 weeks postoperatively. There were no complications or functional disorders during follow-up. Buccal fat pad grafting appears to be feasible for the reconstruction of surgically induced defects, and can be extended to the palate, mandible, mouth angle, and temporomandibular joint region.

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