No evidence for JAK2(V617F) mutation in monoclonal B cells in 2 patients with polycythaemia vera and concurrent monoclonal B cell disorder

C Stijnis, W G M Kroes, S Balkassmi, E W A Marijt, A P van Rossum, E Bakker, L T Vlasveld
Acta Haematologica 2012, 128 (3): 183-6
Occurrence of Philadelphia chromosome-negative myeloproliferative neoplasms (Ph(-) MPN) and lymphoproliferative disorders, like B cell chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (B-CLL), in the same patient is rare. JAK2(V617F) mutation was recently introduced as a powerful diagnostic tool for Ph(-) MPN. JAK2(V617F) mutation is not present in B-CLL. In 4 previously reported patients with JAK2(V617F)-positive Ph(-) MPN and B-CLL there was no definitive proof of JAK2(V617F) mutation in B-CLL cells, although this was suggested in 1 patient. We present 2 patients with JAK2(V617F)-positive polycythaemia vera who subsequently developed a monoclonal B cell disorder. The granulocytes were separated from the mononuclear cells by centrifugation on density gradient. Using an ARIA-SORP sorter, the CD20+/CD5+ B cells were separated from the CD20+/CD5- B cells, T cells, NK cells and monocytes. On each of the fractions JAK2(V617F) mutation was analysed by allele-specific competitive blocker-PCR. In both patients JAK2(V617F) mutation was present in granulocytes confirming the clinical diagnosis of polycythaemia vera. We did not detect the JAK2(V617F) mutation in the CD20+/CD5+ B cells but detected it in CD20+/CD5- B cells, T and NK cells, indicating a lymphoid subdifferentiation of the JAK2(V617F) MPN clonality. JAK2(V617F) MPN and monoclonal B cell disorder can coexist but there is no evidence that the proliferative behaviour of these B cells is mediated through the JAK2(V617F) mutation.

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