Target localisation for tumour bed radiotherapy in early breast cancer

Carmen J Hansen, Emma de Winton, Sam Guglani, Evi Vamvakas, David Willis, Boon H Chua
Journal of Medical Imaging and Radiation Oncology 2012, 56 (4): 452-7

INTRODUCTION: To compare clinical and CT techniques in localisation of the tumour bed in patients undergoing adjuvant breast radiotherapy for breast cancer.

METHODS: Patients were CT scanned in the treatment position following clinical delineation of the whole breast, surgical scar and boost volume. Computed tomography boost volumes were contoured in three dimensions. A definitive treatment plan was generated to encompass the CT-localised planning target volume (PTV) with ≥90% isodose using electrons. A hypothetical plan was also generated to cover the clinically determined boost field for comparison. The primary end point was the difference in PTV coverage by the 90% isodose between the plans based on clinically and CT localised boost volumes.

RESULTS: The plans for 50 patients were evaluated. The median percentage of PTV encompassed by the 90% isodose using the clinical and CT techniques was 29% (range 5-90%) and 83% (range 25-100%), respectively. PTV coverage by the 90% isodose using the clinical technique was at least 10% less than that using CT technique in 88% of patients (95% confidence interval 77-95%; P < 0.0001).

CONCLUSION: Tumour bed boost PTV coverage was insufficient using clinical determination as compared with CT localisation. This study supports CT planning for target volume localisation of the tumour bed boost in patients treated with breast-conserving therapy for breast cancer.

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