Bcl-2 is a better ABT-737 target than Bcl-xL or Bcl-w and only Noxa overcomes resistance mediated by Mcl-1, Bfl-1, or Bcl-B

R W Rooswinkel, B van de Kooij, M Verheij, J Borst
Cell Death & Disease 2012 August 9, 3: e366
The novel anticancer drug ABT-737 is a Bcl-2 Homology 3 (BH3)-mimetic that induces apoptosis by inhibiting pro-survival Bcl-2 proteins. ABT-737 binds with equal affinity to Bcl-2, Bcl-xL and Bcl-w in vitro and is expected to overrule apoptosis resistance mediated by these Bcl-2 proteins in equal measure. We have profiled ABT-737 specificity for all six pro-survival Bcl-2 proteins, in p53 wild-type or p53-mutant human T-leukemic cells. Bcl-B was untargeted, like Bfl-1 and Mcl-1, in accord with their low affinity for ABT-737 in vitro. However, Bcl-2 proved a better ABT-737 target than Bcl-xL and Bcl-w. This was reflected in differential apoptosis-sensitivity to ABT-737 alone, or combined with etoposide. ABT-737 was not equally effective in displacing BH3-only proteins or Bax from Bcl-2, as compared with Bcl-xL or Bcl-w, offering an explanation for the differential ABT-737 sensitivity of tumor cells overexpressing these proteins. Inducible expression demonstrated that BH3-only proteins Noxa, but not Bim, Puma or truncated Bid could overrule ABT-737 resistance conferred by Bcl-B, Bfl-1 or Mcl-1. These data identify Bcl-B, Bfl-1 and Mcl-1, but also Bcl-xL and Bcl-w as potential mediators of ABT-737 resistance and indicate that target proteins can be differentially sensitive to BH3-mimetics, depending on the pro-apoptotic Bcl-2 proteins they are complexed with.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"