Hybrid SPECT-CT for characterizing isolated vertebral lesions observed by bone scintigraphy: comparison with planar scintigraphy, SPECT, and CT

Punit Sharma, Varun Singh Dhull, Rama Mohan Reddy, Chandrasekhar Bal, Sanjay Thulkar, Arun Malhotra, Rakesh Kumar
Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology: Official Journal of the Turkish Society of Radiology 2013, 19 (1): 33-40

PURPOSE: We aimed to assess the role of single photon emission computed tomography-computed tomography (SPECT-CT) for characterizing isolated vertebral lesions observed by bone scintigraphy compared to planar scintigraphy, SPECT, and CT, and to evaluate the impact of SPECT-CT on patient management.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data from 99 patients (mean age, 52.4±18.9 years; females, 58.5%) with 108 isolated vertebral lesions visible on planar bone scintigraphy, who had undergone SPECT-CT of a selected volume, were retrospectively analyzed. Planar scintigraphy, SPECT, CT, and SPECT-CT images were independently evaluated in separate sessions to minimize recall bias. A scoring scale of 1 to 5 was used, with 1 being definitely metastatic, 2 most likely metastatic, 3 indeterminate, 4 most likely benign, and 5 definitely benign. Sensitivity, specificity, and predictive values were calculated; a score ≤3 was defined as metastatic. The areas under the receiver operating characteristic curve were calculated and compared. Clinical and imaging followup with or without histopathology were used as a reference standard.

RESULTS: Among the 108 lesions, 49 were indeterminate on planar scintigraphy, 16 on SPECT, and one each on SPECT-CT and CT. SPECT-CT was superior to both planar scintigraphy (P < 0.001) and SPECT alone (P = 0.014), but not to CT (P = 0.302). CT was superior to planar scintigraphy (P < 0.001) but only slightly superior to SPECT (P = 0.063). SPECT-CT correctly characterized 96% of the indeterminate lesions observed by planar scintigraphy. SPECT-CT had an impact on the clinical management of 60.6% patients compared to planar scintigraphy and 18.1% compared to SPECT.

CONCLUSION: SPECT-CT is better than planar scintigraphy and SPECT alone, but not CT alone, for characterizing equivocal vertebral lesions that are observed by bone scintigraphy, thus SPECT-CT can have a significant impact on patient management.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"