JOURNAL ARTICLE

Ultrasound-guided supraclavicular cannulation of the brachiocephalic vein in infants: a retrospective analysis of a case series

Christian Breschan, Manuela Platzer, Robert Jost, Haro Stettner, Georg Feigl, Rudolf Likar
Paediatric Anaesthesia 2012, 22 (11): 1062-7
22862549

BACKGROUND: In this study, we analyze the impact of the choice of either the left or right brachiocephalic vein (BCV) on the cannulation success when using the ultrasound-guided supraclavicular in-plane technique approach to the longitudinally viewed BCV in infants.

METHODS: The central vascular protocols of 183 infants were reviewed retrospectively.

RESULTS: The weight ranged from 0.7 to 10 kg. Central venous catheter placement was eventually successful in 98.9%. In 141 patients (82.9%), the left BCV was successfully punctured on the first attempt, in 23 patients (13.5%) after 2 and in 6 patients (3.5%) after 3 attempts. The right BCV was successfully punctured on the first attempt in five patients (38.4%), in three patients (15.3%) after two and in five patients (38.4%) after three attempts, respectively. Significantly more puncture attempts were required for the right BCV (chi-square analysis: P < 0.01). There was also a significant improvement of the success rate over the time course of the case series (Jonckheere-test: P < 0.01).

CONCLUSION: It seems to be easier to cannulate the left BCV than the right BCV when using this ultrasound-guided supraclavicular strict in-plane technique. Gaining experience with this method seems to improve the cannulation success.

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