JOURNAL ARTICLE

Correlation between left ventricular global and regional longitudinal systolic strain and impaired microcirculation in patients with acute myocardial infarction

Brian B Løgstrup, Dan E Høfsten, Thomas B Christophersen, Jacob E Møller, Hans E Bøtker, Patricia A Pellikka, Kenneth Egstrup
Echocardiography 2012, 29 (10): 1181-90
22862151

OBJECTIVES: We investigated the correlation between left ventricular global and regional longitudinal systolic strain (GLS and LRS) and coronary flow reserve (CFR) assessed by transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) in patients with a recent acute myocardial infarction (AMI). Furthermore, we investigated if LRS and GLS imaging is superior to conventional measures of left ventricle (LV) function.

METHODS: In a consecutive population of first time AMI patients, who underwent successful revascularization, we performed comprehensive TTE. GLS and LRS were obtained from the three standard apical views. Assessment of CFR by TTE was performed in a modified apical view using color Doppler guidance.

RESULTS: The study population consisted of 183 patients (51 females) with a median age of 63 [54;70] years. Eighty-nine (49%) patients had a non-ST elevation myocardial infarction and 94 (51%) patients had a ST elevation myocardial infarction. The GLS was -15.2 [-19.3;-10.1]% in the total population of 183 patients. Total wall motion score index (WMSI) in the population was 1.19 [1;1.5]. Eighty-five patients suffered from culprit lesion in left anterior descending artery (LAD). The CFR in these patients was 1.86 [1.36;2.35] and the GLS was -14.3 [-18.9; -9.8]%. A significant difference was observed in the LRS in LAD territory in culprit LAD infarction patients with a CFR ≤ 2 (-9.6 [-13.77;-6.44]) compared with the LRS in LAD territory in culprit LAD infarction patients with a CFR > 2 (-19.33 [-21.1;-16.5]), P < 0.0001. We found no significant difference between WMSI in LAD territory in culprit LAD infarction patients with a CFR ≤ 2 (1.56 [1.06;2.23]) compared with WMSI in LAD territory in culprit LAD infarction patients with a CFR > 2 (1.37 [1.03;2.11]); P = 0.18. The same pattern was observed in both circumflex coronary artery (CX) and right coronary artery (RCA) territories. In the total population, we found a strong correlation between CFR and GLS (r = -0.85, P < 0.0001). This was also seen in the multivariate regression model adjusting for possible confounders including WMSI (P < 0.001).

CONCLUSION: In this study, we have shown a close association between myocardial deformation in patients with a recent AMI and the degree of diminished microcirculation. We found that both GLS and LRS correlated with CFR. We conclude that GLS and LRS are significantly better tools to assess impaired CFR and LV function after a recent AMI, than conventional echocardiographic measurements.

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