Development and validation of a streamlined method designed to detect residues of 62 veterinary drugs in bovine kidney using ultra-high performance liquid chromatography—tandem mass spectrometry

Steven J Lehotay, Alan R Lightfield, Lucía Geis-Asteggiante, Marilyn J Schneider, Terry Dutko, Chilton Ng, Louis Bluhm, Katerina Mastovska
Drug Testing and Analysis 2012, 4 Suppl 1: 75-90
In the USA, the US Department of Agriculture's Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) conducts the National Residue Program designed to monitor veterinary drug and other chemical residues in beef and other slaughtered food animals. Currently, FSIS uses a 7-plate bioassay in the laboratory to screen for antimicrobial drugs in bovine kidneys from those animals tested positive by inspectors in the slaughter establishments. The microbial inhibition bioassay has several limitations in terms of monitoring scope, sensitivity, selectivity, and analysis time. Ultra-high performance liquid chromatography - tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS) has many advantages over the bioassay for this application, and this study was designed to develop, evaluate, and validate a fast UHPLC-MS/MS method for antibiotics and other high-priority veterinary drugs in bovine kidney. Five existing multi-class, multi-residue methods from the literature were tested and compared, and each performed similarly. Experiments with incurred samples demonstrated that a 5-min shake of 2 g homogenized kidney with 10 ml of 4/1 (v/v) acetonitrile/water followed by simultaneous clean-up of the initial extract with 0.5 g C18 and 10 ml hexane gave a fast, simple, and effective sample preparation method for the <10 min UHPLC-MS/MS analysis. An extensive 5-day validation process demonstrated that the final method could be used to acceptably screen for 54 of the 62 drugs tested, and 50 of those met qualitative MS identification criteria. Quantification was not needed in the application, but the method gave ≥ 70% recoveries and ≤ 25% reproducibilities for 30 of the drugs.

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