Inhibition of PARP prevents angiotensin II-induced aortic fibrosis in rats

Yan Wang, Lin Wang, Fengxiao Zhang, Chun Zhang, Shan Deng, Rui Wang, Yun Zhang, Dan Huang, Kai Huang
International Journal of Cardiology 2013 September 1, 167 (5): 2285-93

BACKGROUND: Fibrosis is one of the major pathological features of hypertensive vascular disease. In this study, we aim to explore the possible protective effects of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) inhibitor on angiotensin II (AngII)-induced aortic fibrosis.

METHODS: Sprague-Dawley rats were infused subcutaneously with AngII. PARP inhibitor was intraperitoneally injected once a day. Collagen deposition in thoracic aorta was assayed by Masson tricrome staining. The mRNA and protein expression of TGF-β target genes involved in extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling in aorta was measured. Plasma level and aortic expression of TGF-β1 was assayed. Correlation of systolic blood pressure (SBP) with plasma level of TGF-β1 was analyzed. In cultured rat vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs), effects of PARP inhibition on TGF-β1 expression, Smad3 transactivity, and TGF-β/Smad3 target gene expression were investigated.

RESULTS: Infusion of AngII promoted aortic PARP activation. Treatment with PARP inhibitor alleviated AngII-induced collagen deposition and expression of TGF-β target genes involved in ECM remodeling in aorta of rat. AngII increased plasma level and aortic expression of TGF-β1. A positive correlation between SBP and plasma level of TGF-β1 was revealed. Treatment with PARP inhibitor prevented AngII-induced elevation of SBP. Further experiments uncovered that AngII treatment increased TGF-β dependent gene expression through Smad3 pathway in cultured VSMCs. Inhibition of PARP prevented AngII-induced increases in TGF-β1 expression, Smad3 transactivity and its target gene expression.

CONCLUSIONS: These data indicate that inhibition of PARP prevents aortic fibrosis in AngII-induced hypertension in rats. This beneficial effect is mediated by inhibiting TGF-β/Smad3 pathway.

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