JOURNAL ARTICLE

Effect of CYP2C9 and SLCO1B1 polymorphisms on the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of nateglinide in healthy Chinese male volunteers

Yu Cheng, Guo Wang, Wei Zhang, Lan Fan, Yao Chen, Hong-Hao Zhou
European Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 2013, 69 (3): 407-13
22842957

PURPOSE: Nateglinide is commonly used in the treatment of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Our objective was to assess the association between CYP2C9 and SLCO1B1 polymorphisms and the metabolism of nateglinide in healthy Chinese male volunteers.

METHODS: A total of 35 healthy Chinese male volunteers with different CYP2C9 and SLCO1B1 genotypes were given a single oral dose of 120 mg nateglinide. Plasma concentrations of nateglinide and blood glucose level were measured up to 8 h.

RESULTS: In subjects with the CYP2C9*1/*3 & 521TT, CYP2C9*1/*1 & 521TC/CC and CYP2C9*1/*3 & 521TC genotype, AUC(0-∞) of nateglinide was 56 %, 34 % and 56 % higher (P = 0.002, P = 0.041 and P = 0.013, respectively), and the CL/F of nateglinide was 35 %, 11 % and 36 % lower (P = 0.000, P = 0.003 and P = 0.002, respectively) than that in the reference group. When only considering 521 T>C polymorphism, it had no significant association with the pharmacokinetics of nateglinide. CYP2C9*3 and 521 T>C polymorphisms were the significant predictors of the AUC(0-∞) and CL/F of nateglinide (adjusted multiple R(2) = 34 % and 43 %, respectively) according to multiple linear regression analyses, but they have no significant association with changes in the blood glucose-lowering effect of nateglinide.

CONCLUSIONS: Both SLCO1B1 521 T>C and the CYP2C9*3 polymorphisms can significantly affect the pharmacokinetics of nateglinide, but they could only partially explain the interindividual variability of plasma concentration of nateglinide. Moreover, 521 T>C and the CYP2C9*3 polymorphisms have no effect on pharmacodynamics of nateglinide in healthy Chinese male subjects.

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