Interleukin-28B polymorphisms on the SVR in the treatment of naïve chronic hepatitis C with pegylated interferon-α plus ribavirin: a meta-analysis

Ke-Qing Shi, Wen-Yue Liu, Xian-Feng Lin, Yu-Chen Fan, Yong-Ping Chen, Ming-Hua Zheng
Gene 2012 October 1, 507 (1): 27-35
There are accurate but inconclusive data on the association between single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) of interleukin (IL)-28B and sustained virological response (SVR) in chronic hepatitis C (CHC). This meta-analysis aimed to derive a more precise estimation of the effects of IL-28B SNPs locus (rs12979860 and rs8099917) on SVR in naïve CHC patients receiving pegylated interferon alpha (PEG-IFN-α) plus ribavirin. Literature search was conducted up to June, 2011, in PubMed, EMBASE and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. A total of 36 studies involving 10912 cases with CHC receiving PEG-IFN-α plus ribavirin met the inclusion criteria. Analyses were stratified either by ethnicity or genotype of hepatitis C virus. In genotype 1/4 patients, rs12979860 CC was associated with high SVR in CHC patients (Caucasian: odds ratio (OR), 4.567; 95% confidence interval (CI), 3.826-5.452; Asian: OR, 4.033; 95%CI, 3.050-5.333; African American: OR, 4.297; 95%CI, 2.168-8.515; Hispanics: OR, 4.350; 95%CI, 2.817-6.717) but had no effect in genotype 2/3. In Caucasian (genotype 1/4: OR, 2.542; 95%CI, 2.108-3.065; genotype 2/3: OR, 1.363; 95%CI, 1.020-1.820) and Asian (genotype 1/4: OR, 5.214; 95%CI, 3.694-7.360; genotype 2/3: OR, 1.785; 95%CI, 1.095-2.910), rs8099917 TT was associated with high SVR in both genotype 1/4 and 2/3. Meta-regression showed that in Caucasians with CHC genotype 1/4, gender male might contribute to the effect of rs12979860 on SVR but advanced fibrosis might weaken this effect. Furthermore, in Asians with CHC genotype 1/4, high baseline viral load and advanced fibrosis might also undermine the effect of rs8099917 on SVR. This meta-analysis suggested that IL-28B rs12979860 CC and rs8099917 TT were associated with high SVR rate in CHC genotype 1/4. In CHC genotype 2/3, rs8099917 TT carriers also had higher SVR.

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