Serum flow cytometric C1q binding antibody analysis of renal recipients with low levels of sensitization

P Ata, M Canbakan, M Kara, L Özel, E Ünal, M İ Titiz
Transplantation Proceedings 2012, 44 (6): 1652-5

AIM: Patients displaying flow cytometric crossmatch results within the grey zone of positivity are hard to evaluate, especially if they are undergoing their first transplantation. For these patients assays of donor-specific anti-HLA (human leukocyte antigen) antibodies with complement-fixing properties to cause cell lysis are important for antibody-mediated rejection and graft failure. The aim of this study was to detect the relevance of serum C1q-binding antibodies detected in renal recipients with grey zone crossmatch reactivity who were considered to show low levels of sensitization against their potential donors.

METHOD: This study includes 114 patients who were admitted for their first renal transplantation between September 2009 and August 2011, including 33 subjects considered by flow cytometric cross-match to be the sensitized group, whereas the remaining 81 recipients had negative results. We analyzed the accumulation of serum the immunoglobulin (Ig)G bound C1q on HLA-coated flow cytometric panel reactive antibody (FlowPRA) beads. The serum samples were retrospectively analyzed with [C1q]FlowPRA (HLA class I and II), which were collected during the pretransplantation period every 6 months and every week posttransplantation within the first month and every 3 months thereafter. All serum samples were analyzed for the presence of anti-FlowPRA IgG alloantibody. We compared the C1q FlowPRA-positive and-negative groups for the number of posttransplantation days that the serum creatinine level was below <2 mg/dL as a metric of graft function.

RESULTS: With a mean follow-up of 492 ± 84 days, there was a significant difference between flow cytometric crossmatch results and creatinine decrease rate (P = .02). The serum creatinine decrease rates of the 9 C1q-positive versus the 15 C1q-negative subjects showed significant difference (P < .05).

CONCLUSION: C1q-binding antibody analysis shows the presence of serum antibodies capable of complement binding and antibody-mediated rejection, which could be useful to assess rejection risk among the "grey zone" of renal recipients with low levels of sensitization against their donors.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"