COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Closed reduction techniques in acute anterior shoulder dislocation: modified Milch technique compared with traction-countertraction technique

Simmrat Singh, Chee Khuen Yong, Sureisen Mariapan
Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery 2012, 21 (12): 1706-11
22819577

BACKGROUND: To perform closed manual reduction of acute anterior shoulder dislocation using the traction-countertraction technique requires sedation (TCTS) and the participation of 2 people. We studied the modified Milch (MM) technique, a positional reductive maneuver that requires 1 operator, without patient sedation or analgesia.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study comprised 56 prospective nonrandomized consecutive patients, of whom 31 were in group A (MM, nonsedated) and 25 in group B (TCTS).

RESULTS: The success rate of MM technique was 83.9% (26 of 31), which increased to 96.3% (26 of 27) when 4 patients with associated greater tuberosity fractures were excluded. The success rate was 100% in the TCTS group, with 5 patients with associated greater tuberosity fractures. The reduction in pain from the preprocedural to intraprocedural phases in MM group was significant (P < .001), at a reduction rate of 2.07 (29%) on the numeric rating scale pain score. There was a greater pain reduction rate of 2.43 (34%) on the numeric rating scale when patients with greater tuberosity fractures were excluded. The MM group had a significantly shorter hospital stay (mean, 35 minutes) than the TCTS group (mean, 4 hours). No postreduction neurovascular or fracture complications occurred in either group.

CONCLUSIONS: The results showed that the Milch technique was effective, safe, shortened hospital stay, and was well tolerated. We recommend the modified Milch technique as a first-line maneuver for acute anterior shoulder dislocations without associated fractures.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
22819577
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"