Gastroretentive gabapentin (G-GR) formulation reduces intensity of pain associated with postherpetic neuralgia (PHN)

Christine N Sang, Rekha Sathyanarayana, Michael Sweeney
Clinical Journal of Pain 2013, 29 (4): 281-8

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of a once-daily gastroretentive formulation of gabapentin (G-GR; 1800 mg).

METHODS: This was an 11-week, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled Phase 3 clinical trial in patients with postherpetic neuralgia. Patients underwent a 2-week dose titration, 8 weeks of stable dosing, and 1 week of dose tapering. The primary endpoint was the change in average daily pain intensity score from Baseline to Week 10 using Baseline Observation Carried Forward (BOCF) imputation.

RESULTS: Four-hundred and fifty-two patients (mean age 65.6 y, BMI 29 Kg/m) were randomized. Baseline average daily pain intensity score during the week prior to randomization was 6.6 and 6.5 for the G-GR and placebo treatment groups, respectively. Three hundred and seventy-seven patients completed the study (84% G-GR, 83% placebo). G-GR significantly reduced BOCF change in average daily pain intensity compared with placebo (-2.1 vs. -1.6; G-GR vs. placebo, P=0.013). Compared with placebo, more G-GR-treated patients reported "much" or "very much" improvement (patient global impression of change, 43% vs. 34%; P<0.0434), and G-GR reduced sleep interference (-2.3 vs. -1.59; P<0.0001), although neither endpoint was considered statistically significant based on a stringent hierarchical statistical paradigm. Other secondary endpoints showed similar trends. The most common adverse events were dizziness (G-GR, 11.3% vs. placebo, 1.7 %) and somnolence (G-GR, 5.4% vs. placebo, 3.0%).

CONCLUSION: Once-daily G-GR 1800 mg was effective and well tolerated for the relief of pain in patients with postherpetic neuralgia.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"