[Therapeutic effects and prognostic factors for the limited-stage small cell lung cancer treated with multidisciplinary therapy]

Xiao-jiao Dong, Meng-zhao Wang, Wei Zhong, Li Zhang, Xiao-tong Zhang, Jing Zhao, Ying Xia, Long-yun Li
Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology] 2012, 34 (3): 216-21

OBJECTIVE: To study the differences of objective response rate (ORR), side effects and survival among patients with limited-stage small cell lung cancer (LD-SCLC), who received concurrent chemoradiotherapy, sequential chemoradiotherapy or chemotherapy alone, and to analyze the influencing factors on their survival.

METHODS: One hundred and sixty-six patients diagnosed as LD-SCLC in Peking Union Medical College Hospital from January 2000 to December 2009 were included in this study. The differences of objective response rates, side effects and survival rates were analyzed by χ2 test. Kaplan-Meier test was used to calculate the overall survival (OS) and progress-free survival (PFS). Cox regression was used to detect the influencing factors on survival time of the patients.

RESULTS: The patients were divided into three groups: concurrent chemoradiotherapy (49 cases), sequential chemoradiotherapy (62 cases) and chemotherapy alone (55 cases). The chemotherapy was based on CE/EP regimen, with an average cycle of 5.2. Radiotherapy was of a common or 3-dimensional conformal technology, for regular segmentation irradiation with an average dose of 49.6 Gy. The total ORR was 73.4%, OS and PFS were 22.9 months and 10.8 months, 1, 3, 5-year survival rates were 82.7%, 31.8%, 18.6%, respectively. For the concurrent group, sequential group and chemotherapy alone group, the ORR was 89.4%, 67.2% and 66.0%, respectively. Compared the chemotherapy alone group and concurrent group with the sequential group, there were significant differences (P<0.05). For the concurrent group, sequential group and chemotherapy alone group, the median OS was 29.7 months, 22.6 months, and 19.5 months; the median PFS was 12.7 months, 10.8 months, and 9.8 months, respectively, with a non-significant difference between each two groups (P>0.05). For the concurrent group, sequential group and chemotherapy alone group, the 1-year survival rates were 91.1%, 86.3%, and 65.6%, the 3-year survival rates were 44.2%, 28.3% and 22.8%, and the 5-year survival rates were 24.2%, 21.4% and 11.1%, respectively, with significant differences among them (P<0.05). The major side effects were myelosuppression, gastrointestinal reactions, radiation pneumonia and radiation esophagitis. For the concurrent group, sequential group and chemotherapy alone group, the incidence of myelosuppression were 84.4%, 76.8% and 60.0%, respectively, with a significant difference (P=0.008) between the concurrent group and chemotherapy alone group. For the concurrent group and sequential group, the incidences of radiation pneumonia were 22.2% and 22.9%, with a non-significant difference (P=0.940). The incidences of radiation esophagitis were 47.2% and 16.7%, respectively, with a significant difference (P=0.002). Multivariate analysis showed that OS was significantly associated with gender (P=0.018) and ECOG score (P=0.009), and PFS was significantly associated with gender (P=0.050).

CONCLUSIONS: For LD-SCLC, concurrent chemoradiotherapy can significantly increase the objective response rate. Concurrent chemoradiotherapy and sequential chemoradiotherapy compared with chemotherapy alone can extend survival, and concurrent chemoradiotherapy is better, but the differences among the three regimens are not significant. Gender and ECOG score are important influencing factors of survival.

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