JOURNAL ARTICLE

[Displacement of the silver clips in surgical cavity based on four-dimensional CT images for patients undertaking external-beam partial breast irradiation after breast-conserving surgery]

Su-zhen Wang, Jian-bin Li, Wei Wang, Ying-jie Zhang, Feng-xiang Li, Ting-yong Fan, Dong-ping Shang
Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology] 2012, 34 (3): 201-4
22780974

OBJECTIVE: To explore the displacement of the selected clips and the center of the geometry consisted of all the clips in the surgical cavity measured on the basis of four-dimensional computed tomography (4D-CT) simulation images.

METHODS: Fourteen breast cancer patients after breast-conserving surgery were recruited for external beam partial-breast irradiation (EB-PBI), and received large aperture CT simulation. The 4D-CT image data sets were collected when the patient was in the free breathing state. Using the Varian Eclipse treatment planning system, the selected four clips in the cavity were separately delineated on the CT images from 10 phases of the breath cycle, and all of the clips in the cavity were marked to obtain the geometry. Then the displacement of the four selected clips and the center of the geometry in the left-right (LR), anterior-posterior (AP), and superior-inferior (SI) directions were measured. The differences of the displacement were compared.

RESULTS: The displacements in the AP and SI directions were always greater than the displacement in LR direction for the same selected clip. The difference of the displacements in the same direction of the different selected clips was not statistically significant (P>0.05). The displacements of the geometry center consisted of all of the clips in the LR, AP, SI directions were (1.34±0.39) mm, (2.01±1.02) mm and (1.89±1.03) mm, respectively, and the difference of the displacements between LR and AP, LR and SI were all statistically significant (P<0.05). In the same directions (LR, AP and SI), the displacement of geometry center was always greater than the displacement of the selected clips, and the difference except SI direction was all statistically significant (P<0.05). In the SI direction, the association between the displacement of geometry center and the upper clip, geometry center and the lower clip was statistically significant (P<0.05).

CONCLUSION: When the target for EB-PBI is defined on the basis of 4D-CT simulation images, the displacement of the selected clips at the border of the surgical cavity is not qualified to substitute the displacement of the target defined basing on all of the clips in the surgical cavity.

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