Fluorofenidone inhibits transforming growth factor-beta1-induced cardiac myofibroblast differentiation

Ling-Xi Chen, Kan Yang, Ming Sun, Qiong Chen, Zhao-He Wang, Gao-Yun Hu, Li-Jian Tao
Die Pharmazie 2012, 67 (5): 452-6
Cardiac myofibroblast differentiation, characterized by expression of alpha-smooth muscle actin (alpha-SMA) and fibrillar collagens, plays a key role in the adverse myocardial remodeling. Fluorofenidone (1-(3-fluorophenyl)-5-methyl-2-(1H)-pyridone, AKF-PD) is a novel pyridone antifibrotic agent, which exerts a strong antifibrotic effect. This study investigated the potential role of AKF-PD in suppressing cardiac myofibroblast conversion induced by transforming growth factor-beta1 (TGF-beta1) and the related mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling pathways in neonatal rat cardiac fibroblasts. The MAPK inhibitors used for pathway determination are c-Jun NH(2)-terminal kinase (JNK) inhibitor II (JNK inhibitor), PD98059 (extracellular signal-regulated kinase inhibitor (ERK) inhibitor) and SB203580 (p38 MAPK inhibitor). Cell proliferation was evaluated by multiply-table tournament (MTT) assay. The expressions of fibronectin (FN), alpha-SMA, phosphorylated ERK1/2 (pERK1/2) and ERK1/2 were investigated using Western blot analysis. AKF-PD remarkablely reduced the proliferative response of cardiac fibroblasts by 27.57% compared with TGF-beta1 stimulated group. AKF-PD, PD98059, and JNK inhibitor II completely prevented TGF-beta1-induced FN protein production. In addition, AKF-PD, PD98059 and SB203580 greatly attenuated alpha-SMA expression induced by TGF-beta1. Furthermore, AKF-PD significantly blocked TGF-beta1-induced phosphorylation of ERK. These results indicate that (1) AKF-PD inhibits TGF-beta1-induced myofibroblast differentiation; (2) the anti-fibrotic effects of AKF-PD are partially mediated by ERK phosphorylation.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"