Evaluation of surface sediment contamination by polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the "Saco do Laranjal"—(Patos Lagoon, Brazil)

Pedro José Sanches Filho, Luiza Placidina da Luz, Glauco Rasmussen Betemps, Elina Bastos Caramão
Marine Pollution Bulletin 2012, 64 (9): 1933-7
This paper evaluates the concentration of Polyaromatic hydrocarbons - PAHs in the Estuarine area of the Patos Lagoon, more precisely in a local named "Saco do Laranjal" in Pelotas City (southern Brazil). The samples were collected in May 2008. The concentrations of 16 US-EPA priority polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) were determined by gas chromatography with a mass spectrometry detector (GC/MS). The sum of PAHs concentration ranged from 7.3 to 92.8 μg kg(-1) in dry weight. The positive correlation (Pearson test) between the total organic material (TOM) and the total PAH concentration (0.98) suggests that TOM plays an important role in controlling the PAHs levels in the sediments. According to the observed ratios of individual PAHs, the contamination in the studied area is originated, predominantly pyrolytic sources. The values found are considered under normal levels and indicates a not impacted area.

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