JOURNAL ARTICLE

Dacomitinib (PF-00299804), an irreversible Pan-HER inhibitor, inhibits proliferation of HER2-amplified breast cancer cell lines resistant to trastuzumab and lapatinib

Ondrej Kalous, Dylan Conklin, Amrita J Desai, Neil A O'Brien, Charles Ginther, Lee Anderson, David J Cohen, Carolyn D Britten, Ian Taylor, James G Christensen, Dennis J Slamon, Richard S Finn
Molecular Cancer Therapeutics 2012, 11 (9): 1978-87
22761403
The human EGF (HER) family of receptors has been pursued as therapeutic targets in breast cancer and other malignancies. Trastuzumab and lapatinib are standard treatments for HER2-amplified breast cancer, but a significant number of patients do not respond or develop resistance to these drugs. Here we evaluate the in vitro activity of dacomitinib (PF-00299804), an irreversible small molecule pan-HER inhibitor, in a large panel of human breast cancer cell lines with variable expression of the HER family receptors and ligands, and with variable sensitivity to trastuzumab and lapatinib. Forty-seven human breast cancer and immortalized breast epithelial lines representing the known molecular subgroups of breast cancer were treated with dacomitinib to determine IC(50) values. HER2-amplified lines were far more likely to respond to dacomitinib than nonamplified lines (RR, 3.39; P < 0.0001). Furthermore, HER2 mRNA and protein expression were quantitatively associated with response. Dacomitinib reduced the phosphorylation of HER2, EGFR, HER4, AKT, and ERK in the majority of sensitive lines. Dacomitinib exerted its antiproliferative effect through a combined G(0)-G(1) arrest and an induction of apoptosis. Dacomitinib inhibited growth in several HER2-amplified lines with de novo and acquired resistance to trastuzumab. Dacomitinib maintained a high activity in lines with acquired resistance to lapatinib. This study identifies HER2-amplified breast cancer lines as most sensitive to the antiproliferative effect of dacomitinib and provides a strong rationale for its clinical testing in HER2-amplified breast cancers resistant to trastuzumab and lapatinib.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
22761403
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"