COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Vitamin D3 supplementation (4000 IU/d for 1 y) eliminates differences in circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D between African American and white men

Elizabeth Garrett-Mayer, Carol L Wagner, Bruce W Hollis, Mark S Kindy, Sebastiano Gattoni-Celli
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2012, 96 (2): 332-6
22760568

BACKGROUND: African Americans suffer disproportionately from diabetes and cardiovascular disease and are significantly more likely to have suboptimal concentrations of circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D]. The results of epidemiologic and observational studies suggest that there is a link between vitamin D deficiency and the risk of cardiometabolic disorders, which underscores the importance of maintaining healthy concentrations of 25(OH)D.

OBJECTIVE: The objective was to investigate whether daily supplementation with 4000 IU vitamin D(3) for 1 y would eliminate any disparities in circulating concentrations of 25(OH)D between African American and white men.

DESIGN: Serum concentrations of 25(OH)D were measured every 2 mo in 47 subjects who received a daily oral dose of 4000 IU vitamin D(3) for 1 y.

RESULTS: More than 90% of African Americans had serum concentrations of 25(OH)D <32 ng/mL, and approximately two-thirds had serum concentrations <20 ng/mL. Furthermore, there were significant disparities in serum concentrations of 25(OH)D between African American and white men. Supplementation with 4000 IU/d for 1 y eliminated any significant differences in circulating concentrations of 25(OH)D between African American and white men.

CONCLUSION: The results of this clinical study show the feasibility and efficacy of this approach in the elimination of hypovitaminosis D, which is a widespread health disparity among African Americans. This trial was registered at clinicaltrials.gov as NCT01045109.

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