Esophageal stenting and radiotherapy: a multimodal approach for the palliation of symptomatic malignant dysphagia

Natasha M Rueth, Darcy Shaw, Jonathan D'Cunha, Chinsoo Cho, Michael A Maddaus, Rafael S Andrade
Annals of Surgical Oncology 2012, 19 (13): 4223-8

BACKGROUND: Esophageal stents provide immediate palliation of malignant dysphagia; however, radiotherapy (RT) is a superior long-term option. We review the outcomes of combined esophageal stenting and RT for patients with malignant dysphagia.

METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed patients with esophageal stents placed for palliation of malignant dysphagia from esophageal stricture, esophageal extrinsic compression, or malignant tracheoesophageal fistula (TEF). We excluded patients with radiation-induced TEF in the absence of tumor. We analyzed and compared outcomes between patients with no RT, RT before stent placement, and RT after stent placement.

RESULTS: We placed stents in 45 patients for esophageal stricture from esophageal cancer (n = 30; 66.7 %), malignant TEF (n = 8; 17.7 %), and esophageal compression from airway, mediastinal, or metastatic malignancies (n = 7; 15.6 %). Twenty patients (44.4 %) had no RT; 25 patients had RT before stent placement (n = 16; 35.6 %), RT after stent placement (n = 8; 17.8 %), or both (n = 1; 2.2 %). Median follow-up was 30 days. Complications requiring stent revision were similar with or without RT. Subjective symptom relief was achieved in 68.9 % of all patients, with no differences noted between groups (p = 0.99). The 30-day mortality was 15.6 %. Patients with RT after stent placement had a longer median survival compared to those without RT (98 vs. 38 days).

CONCLUSIONS: Esophageal stent placement with RT is a safe approach for malignant dysphagia.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.


Sort by: Most RecentHighest Rated

Adnan Ayoubi

This paper will be good to reference safety of combination of rt and stenting albeit in a different organ. Furthermore, they discuss the effect of the metal stent on the radiation beam. Maybe we need to address that too in our discussion


Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"