JOURNAL ARTICLE

Photodynamic therapy using topical 5-aminolaevulinic acid vs. surgery for basal cell carcinoma

R Cosgarea, M Susan, M Crisan, S Senila
Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV 2013, 27 (8): 980-4
22738399

BACKGROUND: Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is an attractive modality for the treatment of BCC, based on its generally favorable efficacy, adverse effect profile and its excellent cosmetic outcome.

OBJECTIVES: The purpose of the study is to compare the efficacy and cosmetic outcome of photodynamic therapy with topical 5-aminolaevulinic acid (ALA-PDT) vs. simple excision surgery for superficial and nodular basal cell carcinoma (BCC).

METHODS: A total of 72 patients, 32 with 48 lesions, were treated with ALA- PDT, and 40 with 46 lesions treated by excision were included in this prospective, comparative, controlled, clinical study. The patients have been followed for 16-37 months (mean 25 months). The PDT was performed in combination with 5-aminolaevulinic acid twice, one month apart. Surgical excision was performed under local anesthesia with a 3-mm margin, followed by histological examination. The cosmetic outcome was evaluated by the physician according to a 4-point scale.

RESULTS: Overall 94 BCC were treated. Complete healing rates did not differ significantly between groups, P = 0.64 (46/48 [95.83%] lesions treated with PDT vs. 44/46 [95.65%] lesions with surgery). In the first 12 months of follow-up, 4 lesions had recurred, 2 of which were in the PDT group while 2 lesions after surgery. The mean follow-up was 25 months. The recurrence rate in the ALA-PDT group was 4.16% vs. 4.34% in the surgery group, p = 0.64. The cosmetic outcome was superior for ALA-PDT at all time points. At 12 months, 100% lesions treated with ALA-PDT had an excellent or good cosmetic outcome, according to the investigator, compared with 88.86% with surgery, P = 0.01.

CONCLUSION: ALA-PDT offers a similarly high efficacy, and a better cosmetic outcome than simple excision surgery in the treatment of BCC.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
22738399
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"