Efficacy and tolerability of initial therapy with single-pill combination telmisartan/hydrochlorothiazide 80/25 mg in patients with grade 2 or 3 hypertension: a multinational, randomized, double-blind, active-controlled trial

Dingliang L Zhu, Harold Bays, Pingjin Gao, Michaela Mattheus, Birgit Voelker, Luis M Ruilope
Clinical Therapeutics 2012, 34 (7): 1613-24

BACKGROUND: Patients with grade 2 or 3 hypertension may require high-dose combination therapy to achieve blood pressure (BP) targets in a timely manner.

OBJECTIVES: This study compared the effectiveness and tolerability of a single-pill combination (SPC) of telmisartan/hydrochlorothiazide 80/25 mg (T80/H25) with T80 monotherapy.

METHODS: In a Phase IV, multinational, randomized, double-blind, double-dummy, active-controlled, parallel-group trial, 894 patients with mean seated trough cuff systolic BP [SBP] ≥160 mm Hg and diastolic BP [DBP] ≥100 mm Hg were randomly assigned in a 2:1 ratio to receive T40/H12.5 SPC or telmisartan 40 mg monotherapy for 1 week before the dose was uptitrated to T80/H25 SPC or T80, respectively, administered for 6 weeks. The primary efficacy measure was the change from baseline in mean seated cuff trough SBP. Adverse events (AEs) were recorded.

RESULTS: A total of 888 patients received treatment (294 and 594 patients in the T80/H25 and T80 groups, respectively) (mean age, 57.0 years; age ≥65 years, 25.7%; male, 53.8%; white, 68.0%); 61 patients prematurely discontinued. Mean baseline SBP/DBP values were 172.3/104.3 mm Hg (T80/H25) and 173.3/104.5 mm Hg (T80). After 7 weeks, SBP was changed by -37.0 and -28.5 mm Hg in the T80/H25 and T80 groups (P < 0.0001); DBP was changed by -18.6 and -15.4 mm Hg respectively (P < 0.0001). These differences were significant after 2 weeks at the higher dosage (P < 0.0001). BP target (SBP/DBP <140/<90 mm Hg) was achieved in 55.5% and 34.7% of patients in the T80/H25 and T80 groups (P < 0.0001). T80/H25 SPC and T80 had a similar frequency of overall AEs (16.0% vs 17.0%). The prevalences of treatment-related AEs with T80/H25 SPC and T80 were low (4.6% and 2.8%), as were the rates of AEs that led to discontinuation (1.0% and 2.8%).

CONCLUSIONS: In these patients with grade 2 or 3 hypertension, initial therapy with T80/H25 was associated with a significantly greater reduction in mean seated cuff trough SBP compared with T80 alone, as well as with improved hypertension goal attainment rates. Both treatments appeared to be well tolerated.


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"