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JOURNAL ARTICLE
MULTICENTER STUDY
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL

Efficacy and tolerability of initial therapy with single-pill combination telmisartan/hydrochlorothiazide 80/25 mg in patients with grade 2 or 3 hypertension: a multinational, randomized, double-blind, active-controlled trial

Dingliang L Zhu, Harold Bays, Pingjin Gao, Michaela Mattheus, Birgit Voelker, Luis M Ruilope
Clinical Therapeutics 2012, 34 (7): 1613-24
22717420

BACKGROUND: Patients with grade 2 or 3 hypertension may require high-dose combination therapy to achieve blood pressure (BP) targets in a timely manner.

OBJECTIVES: This study compared the effectiveness and tolerability of a single-pill combination (SPC) of telmisartan/hydrochlorothiazide 80/25 mg (T80/H25) with T80 monotherapy.

METHODS: In a Phase IV, multinational, randomized, double-blind, double-dummy, active-controlled, parallel-group trial, 894 patients with mean seated trough cuff systolic BP [SBP] ≥160 mm Hg and diastolic BP [DBP] ≥100 mm Hg were randomly assigned in a 2:1 ratio to receive T40/H12.5 SPC or telmisartan 40 mg monotherapy for 1 week before the dose was uptitrated to T80/H25 SPC or T80, respectively, administered for 6 weeks. The primary efficacy measure was the change from baseline in mean seated cuff trough SBP. Adverse events (AEs) were recorded.

RESULTS: A total of 888 patients received treatment (294 and 594 patients in the T80/H25 and T80 groups, respectively) (mean age, 57.0 years; age ≥65 years, 25.7%; male, 53.8%; white, 68.0%); 61 patients prematurely discontinued. Mean baseline SBP/DBP values were 172.3/104.3 mm Hg (T80/H25) and 173.3/104.5 mm Hg (T80). After 7 weeks, SBP was changed by -37.0 and -28.5 mm Hg in the T80/H25 and T80 groups (P < 0.0001); DBP was changed by -18.6 and -15.4 mm Hg respectively (P < 0.0001). These differences were significant after 2 weeks at the higher dosage (P < 0.0001). BP target (SBP/DBP <140/<90 mm Hg) was achieved in 55.5% and 34.7% of patients in the T80/H25 and T80 groups (P < 0.0001). T80/H25 SPC and T80 had a similar frequency of overall AEs (16.0% vs 17.0%). The prevalences of treatment-related AEs with T80/H25 SPC and T80 were low (4.6% and 2.8%), as were the rates of AEs that led to discontinuation (1.0% and 2.8%).

CONCLUSIONS: In these patients with grade 2 or 3 hypertension, initial therapy with T80/H25 was associated with a significantly greater reduction in mean seated cuff trough SBP compared with T80 alone, as well as with improved hypertension goal attainment rates. Both treatments appeared to be well tolerated.

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