JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW

Doublet versus single cytotoxic agent as first-line treatment for elderly patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Wei-Xiang Qi, Li-na Tang, Ai-na He, Zan Shen, Feng Lin, Yang Yao
Lung 2012, 190 (5): 477-85
22711060

BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to perform a systematic review and meta-analysis of all randomized controlled trials that compared the efficacy of doublet versus single third-generation cytotoxic agent as first-line treatment for elderly patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC).

METHODS: Several databases including PubMed, Embase, and Cochrane databases were searched. The endpoints were overall survival (OS), time to progression (TTP), 1-year survival rate (1-year SR), overall response rate (ORR), and grade 3 or 4 adverse event (AE). We performed a meta-analysis of the randomized controlled trials using a fixed-effects model and an additional random-effects model when applicable. The results of the meta-analysis were expressed as hazard ratio (HR) or risk ratio (RR), with their corresponding 95 % confidence intervals (95 % CI). A subgroup meta-analysis was performed based on chemotherapy regimens.

RESULTS: Ten eligible trials involving 2,510 patients were identified. The intention-to-treatment (ITT) analysis demonstrated that doublet therapy was superior to single agent in terms of OS (HR = 0.84, 95 % CI = 0.71-1.00, p = 0.053), TTP (HR = 0.76, 95 % CI = 0.60-0.96, p = 0.022), 1-year SR (RR = 1.17, 95 % CI = 1.02-1.35, p = 0.03), and ORR (RR = 1.54, 95 % CI = 1.36-1.73, p = 0.000). Subgroup analysis also favored platinum-based doublet therapy in terms of 1-year SR (RR = 1.40, 95 % CI = 1.09-1.81, p = 0.009) and ORR (RR = 1.64, 95 % CI = 1.38-1.96, p = 0.000). Though gemcitabine-based doublet significantly increased ORR compared with single agent (RR = 1.45, 95 % CI = 1.23-1.71, p = 0.000), it did not translate into an increase in survival benefits. In addition, more incidences of grade 3 or 4 anemia, thrombocytopenia, and neurotoxicity were observed in the doublet combination group. With respect to grade 3 or 4 neutropenia and nonhematologic toxicities such as diarrhea, fatigue, nausea, and vomiting, equivalent frequencies were found between the two groups.

CONCLUSIONS: Our results indicated that doublet therapy was superior to a single third-generation cytotoxic agent for elderly patients with advanced NSCLC. The optimal dosage and schedule of platinum-based doublet should be investigated in future prospective clinical trials. Gemcitabine-based doublet could be considered for elderly patients who were not suitable for platinum-based chemotherapy.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
22711060
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"