Phase II study of concurrent radiation therapy, temozolomide, and bevacizumab followed by bevacizumab/everolimus as first-line treatment for patients with glioblastoma

John D Hainsworth, Kent C Shih, Gregg C Shepard, Guy W Tillinghast, Brett T Brinker, David R Spigel
Clinical Advances in Hematology & Oncology: H&O 2012, 10 (4): 240-6

PURPOSE: To evaluate the efficacy of adding bevacizumab, a vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) inhibitor, and everolimus, a mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR inhibitor), to standard radiation therapy/temozolomide in the first-line treatment of patients with glioblastoma.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: Following surgical resection or biopsy, patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma received standard radiation therapy/temozolomide plus bevacizumab 10 mg/kg intravenously (IV) every 2 weeks. Four weeks after the completion of radiation therapy, patients began oral everolimus 10 mg daily, and continued bevacizumab every 2 weeks; therapy continued until tumor progression or unacceptable toxicity.

RESULTS: Sixty-eight patients were treated, 82% of whom had previously undergone partial or complete surgical resection. Sixty-four patients completed combined modality therapy, and 57 patients began maintenance therapy with bevacizumab/everolimus. Thirty-one of 51 patients (61%) with measurable tumor had objective responses. After a median follow-up of 17 months, the median progression-free survival (PFS) was 11.3 months (95% confidence interval [CI], 9.3-13.1 months); median overall survival was 13.9 months. Toxicity was consistent with the known toxicity profile of bevacizumab; grade 3/4 toxicities during maintenance therapy related to everolimus included fatigue (27%), pneumonitis (7%), and stomatitis (5%).

CONCLUSIONS: The use of bevacizumab and everolimus as part of first-line combined modality therapy for glioblastoma was feasible and efficacious. The PFS compared favorably to previous reports with standard radiation therapy/temozolomide therapy, and is similar to results achieved in other phase II trials in which bevacizumab was added to fist-line treatment. Ongoing randomized phase III trials will clarify the role of bevacizumab in this setting.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"