Predictors of super-response to cardiac resynchronization therapy and associated improvement in clinical outcome: the MADIT-CRT (multicenter automatic defibrillator implantation trial with cardiac resynchronization therapy) study

Jonathan C Hsu, Scott D Solomon, Mikhail Bourgoun, Scott McNitt, Ilan Goldenberg, Helmut Klein, Arthur J Moss, Elyse Foster
Journal of the American College of Cardiology 2012 June 19, 59 (25): 2366-73

OBJECTIVES: The authors investigated predictors of left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) super-response to cardiac resynchronization therapy with defibrillator (CRT-D) and whether super-response translated into improved event-free survival in patients with mildly symptomatic heart failure (HF).

BACKGROUND: Few data exist on predictors of super-response to CRT-D and associated morbidity and mortality in mildly symptomatic HF populations.

METHODS: Patients were assigned to CRT-D with paired echocardiograms at baseline and at 12 months (n = 752). Super-response was defined by the top quartile of LVEF change. Best-subset regression analysis identified predictors of LVEF super-response. Kaplan-Meier survival analysis and Cox proportional hazards regression were performed to investigate associations of response category with development of nonfatal HF event or all-cause death.

RESULTS: All 191 super-responders experienced an LVEF increase of ≥14.5% (mean LVEF increase 17.5 ± 2.7%). Six predictors were associated with LVEF super-response to CRT-D therapy: female sex (odds ratio [OR]: 1.96; p = 0.001), no prior myocardial infarction (OR: 1.80; p = 0.005), QRS duration ≥150 ms (OR: 1.79; p = 0.007), left bundle branch block (OR: 2.05; p = 0.006), body mass index <30 kg/m(2) (OR: 1.51; p = 0.035), and smaller baseline left atrial volume index (OR: 1.47; p < 0.001). Cumulative probability of HF or all-cause death at 2 years was 4% in super-responders, 11% in responders, and 26% in hypo-responders (log-rank p < 0.001 overall). In multivariate analysis, hyporesponse was associated with increased risk of HF or all-cause death, compared with super-response (hazard ratio: 5.25; 95% confidence interval: 2.01 to 13.74; p = 0.001).

CONCLUSIONS: Six baseline factors predicted LVEF super-response in CRT-D-treated patients with mild HF. Super-response was associated with reduced risk of subsequent cardiac events. (Multicenter Automatic Defibrillator Implantation Trial With Cardiac Resynchronization Therapy [MADIT-CRT]; NCT00180271).

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"