JOURNAL ARTICLE

Well-quantified tuberculosis exposure is a reliable surrogate measure of tuberculosis infection

A M Mandalakas, H L Kirchner, C Lombard, G Walzl, H M S Grewal, R P Gie, A C Hesseling
International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease 2012, 16 (8): 1033-9
22692027

SETTING: Cape Town, South Africa.

OBJECTIVE: To develop a standardized, reliable measure of household tuberculosis (TB) exposure that considers child-specific risk factors.

DESIGN: We assessed TB exposure in 536 children. Children were considered Mycobacterium tuberculosis infected if two of three tests of infection were positive. Principal component analysis identified a discrete set of components that collectively described exposure and contributed to a composite contact score. Logistic regression assessed the odds of having M. tuberculosis infection given increasing contact score while controlling for age and past TB treatment.

RESULTS: Four components described 68% of data variance: 1) maternal TB and sleep proximity, 2) index case infectivity, 3) duration of exposure, and 4) exposure to multiple index cases. Components were derived from 10 binary questions that contributed to a contact score (range 1-10, median 5, 25th-75th interquartile range [IQR] 4-7). Among children aged 3 months to 6 years with household exposure, the odds of being M. tuberculosis-infected increased by 74% (OR 1.74, 95%CI 1.42-2.12) with each 1-point increase in the contact score.

CONCLUSIONS: Well-quantified TB exposure is a good surrogate measure of M. tuberculosis infection in child household contacts in a high-burden setting, and could guide targeted preventive treatment in children at highest risk of M. tuberculosis infection.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
22692027
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"