Impaired FEF25-75 may predict high exhaled nitric oxide values in children with allergic rhinitis and/or asthma

G Ciprandi, M A Tosca, I Cirillo, E Lionetti, S Leonardi, M Miraglia Del Giudice, M La Rosa, A Salpietro, M Capasso, G L Marseglia
Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents 2012, 26 (1 Suppl): S27-33
Allergic rhinitis and asthma are closely associated. Inflammation is a common pathological characteristic shared by both disorders. The measure of the fractional concentration of exhaled nitric oxide (FeNO) may be considered a surrogate marker for airway inflammation. Forced expiratory flow between 25 and 75 percent of vital capacity (FEF25-75) has been previously demonstrated to be able to predict BHR and bronchial reversibility. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether impaired FEF25-75 values may be related to FeNO values in a pediatric cohort of allergic subjects. 850 children with allergic rhinitis, allergic asthma, or both, were evaluated. Bronchial function (FEV1, FVC, and FEF25-75), FeNO, and sensitizations were assessed. Bronchial function and FeNO were significantly different in the 3 groups (p less than 0.001). A strong inverse correlation between FeNO and FEV1was found in patients with rhinitis, asthma and asthma with rhinitis (r= -0.72, r=-0.70 and r= -0.70, respectively). Impaired FEF25-75 values (such as less than 65 percent of predicted) were significantly associated with high FeNO levels (such as =34 ppb). In conclusion, this study provided evidence that FEF25-75 is strongly and inversely related with FeNO and FEF25-75 may predict high FeNO levels in children with allergic rhinitis, asthma or both.

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