New strategies for massive transfusion in the bleeding trauma patient

Dawn T Davis, Jay A Johannigman, Timothy A Pritts
Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses 2012, 19 (2): 69-75
Trauma continues to be the leading cause of death among those younger than 40 years. A major cause of death within the first 24 hours is hemorrhage. Many of these patients present with severe coagulopathy and require massive transfusion. Earlier control of coagulopathy has been shown to improve survival. To address coagulopathy sooner, changes in the way we identify and resuscitate the exsanguinating trauma patient have evolved. These changes include early identification of at-risk patients and early, aggressive transfusion of plasma and platelets. This article reviews the key massive transfusion triggers and resuscitation strategy of damage control resuscitation.

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