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Pediatric pseudotumor cerebri.

Although PTC most frequently occurs in obese females of childbearing age, the syndrome occurs in children as well.(3),(5) Prepubertal children with PTC have a lower incidence of obesity compared with adults and there is no sex predilection. The onset of puberty is best defined by the onset of secondary sexual characteristics such has menarche, pubic hair, and breast development. Children with PTC have a higher incidence of associated conditions and cranial nerve deficits compared with adults. Similar to adult patients, children are at risk for the development of permanent visual loss. In rare instances, children initially diagnosed with PTC will be found to harbor an intracranial neoplasm such as gliomatosis cerebri. An intracranial pressure of 28 cm H2O has recently been established as the upper limit of normal in children.31 Treatment is indicated for the symptomatic management of headaches and to preserve vision. Most children respond to medications such as acetazolamide, furosemide, or topiramate. Surgical treatment such as ONSF and shunting procedures are indicated for children with severe headaches, visual loss, or both despite maximal tolerated medical treatment.

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