Knowledge, attitudes and commitment toward organ donation among nursing students in Hong Kong

W W S Tam, L K P Suen, H Y L Chan
Transplantation Proceedings 2012, 44 (5): 1196-200

BACKGROUND: Organ donation is the major component for transplant programs; however, the rate of organ donation is relatively low in Asia. Therefore, understanding the attitude and knowledge of individuals that affect their willingness to commit as an organ donor is crucial to develop effective educational programs that raise public awareness and commitment toward organ donation. The current study aims to identify the knowledge level, attitude, and commitment toward organ donation among nursing students in a local university.

METHODS: A questionnaire was developed and distributed to all full-time nursing students of undergraduate and master programs in a university at Hong Kong.

RESULTS: A total of 362 students completed the questionnaire, including 87 males and 257 females. The mean age of the students was 22.6 years. A total of 147 students (40.6%) had registered for organ donation. Students on average could correctly answer 23.7 out of 33 questions (71.8%) regarding their knowledge on organ donation and transplantation. With regard to attitude toward organ donation, students obtained a mean score of 70.2. Univariate analysis revealed that year of study, religion, and attitude were significantly associated with commitment toward organ donation. In logistic regression analysis, year of study (odds ratio [OR] for year 2, 1.961, 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.006-3.824; OR for year 3, 6.915, 95% CI, 2.835-16.868; and OR for year 4, 4.845, 95% CI, 2.071-11.334) and attitude (OR, 1.087, 95% CI, 1.049-1.126) were significantly associated with commitment toward donation after adjusting the age, gender, and study program.

CONCLUSION: Attitude and year of study were strongly correlated with commitment toward organ donation; therefore, educational or promotional materials should be provided to improve the attitude of students toward organ donation.

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