Prospective comparison of noninvasive, bedside ultrasound methods for assessing central venous pressure

H Uthoff, M Siegemund, M Aschwanden, L Hunziker, T Fabbro, U Baumann, K A Jaeger, S Imfeld, D Staub
Ultraschall in der Medizin 2012, 33 (7): E256-E262

PURPOSE: To prospectively evaluate the accuracy of noninvasive central venous pressure (CVP) assessment by compression ultrasound of a forearm vein (CUS), inferior vena cava (IVC-C) and internal jugular vein collapsibility (IJV-C) compared to invasive CVP measurement (invCVP) as the gold standard.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: CUS, IVC-C and IJV-C were performed in a random sequence in 81 consecutive intensive care patients with simultaneous invCVP monitoring. Examiners were blinded to invCVP and previous examinations.

RESULTS: Median invCVP was 12.0 mmHg (range 1 - 23). CUS, IVC-C and IJV-C could be obtained in 89 %, 95 % and 100 % of cases, respectively, within a median time of 188 sec [IQR 125; 270], 133 sec [IQR 100; 211] and 60 sec [IQR 50; 109], respectively. The Spearman correlation coefficient between invCVP and CUS, IVC-C, and IJV-C was 0.485 95 %-CI [0.25; 0.65], -0.186 [-0.42; 0.07], and -0.408 [-0.59; -0.18], respectively. The median absolute difference between CUS and invCVP was 3 mmHg [IQR 2; 6.75]. CVP was categorized as low (< 7 mmHg; collapsibility > 0.6), normal (7 - 12 mmHg; collapsibility 0.6 - 0.2) and high (> 12 mmHg; collapsibility < 0.2) as prespecified. The proportions of identical CVP classifications compared to invCVP were 61.4% 95%-CI [49.3%; 72.4%] with CUS, 48.7% [37.4%; 60%] with IVC-C and 51.3% [40.3%; 62.3%] with IJV-C (p > 0.10 for all pair-wise comparisons).

CONCLUSION: The overall ability of CUS, IVC-C and IJV-C to assess invCVP was only moderate. CUS seems to be the preferable method if absolute CVP values are needed. IJV-C seems to be the fastest and most easily acquirable method, and thus may be especially valuable in emergency rooms.

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