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Alkaline-stable peptide ligand affinity adsorbents for the purification of biomolecules

Stefano Menegatti, Amith D Naik, Patrick V Gurgel, Ruben G Carbonell
Journal of Chromatography. A 2012 July 6, 1245: 55-64
22658657
A strategy of modification of resin surface chemistry is presented to produce hydrophilic peptide-based alkaline-stable affinity adsorbents for the purification of biopharmaceuticals from complex media. In this work, the peptide-based affinity adsorbent HWRGWV-Toyopearl resin for the purification of IgG is presented as an example. When prepared by direct peptide synthesis on the chromatographic matrix, the peptide-based resin showed lability under alkaline conditions. In fact, the regeneration with aqueous 0.1 M NaOH caused the leaching of 40% of the peptide ligand, resulting in a decrease of IgG yield from 85% to 23%. It was found that the ligand leaching was caused by the coupling of a significant amount of peptide by alkaline-labile ester bonds. A method was designed to prevent the formation of ester bonds and allow the synthesis of the ligand exclusively on alkaline-stable bonds. The method consists in activating the hydrophilic base resin, blocking the hydroxyl groups responsible for alkaline lability and performing the peptide synthesis exclusively via alkaline-stable amide bonds. Repeated cycles of IgG purification from a cell culture medium were performed, each followed by cleaning with aqueous NaOH (0.1 M, 0.5 M and 1 M). The IgG yield decreased from 91% to 85% after 200 purification cycles with 0.1 M NaOH. However, the IgG purity remained almost constant at around 95% based on SDS-PAGE analysis. The procedure presented is rapid, efficient and inexpensive and does not require any equipment other than the conventional instrumentation for peptide synthesis. The method also has a broad application since it is valid for any peptide ligand identified for the purification of a biopharmaceutical target.

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