Homogeneous fluorescence-based immunoassay via inner filter effect of gold nanoparticles on fluorescence of CdTe quantum dots

Xiang Cui, Mei Liu, Baoxin Li
Analyst 2012 July 21, 137 (14): 3293-9
Homogeneous immunoassays are becoming more and more attractive for modern medical diagnosis because they are superior to heterogeneous immunoassays in sample and reagent consumption, analysis time, portability and disposability. Herein, a universal platform for homogeneous immunoassay, using human immunoglobulin (IgG) as a model analyte, has been developed. This assay relies upon the inner filter effect (IFE) of gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) on CdTe QDs fluorescence. The immunoreaction of antigen and antibody can induce the aggregation of antibody-functionalized AuNPs, and after aggregation the IFE of AuNPs on CdTe QDs fluorescence is greatly enhanced, resulting in a decrease of fluorescence intensity in the system. Based on this phenomenon, a wide dynamic range of 1-100 pg mL(-1) for determination of IgG can be obtained. The proposed method shows a detection limit of 0.3 pg mL(-1) for human IgG, which is much lower than the corresponding absorbance-based approach and compares favorably with other reported fluorescent methods. This immunoassay method is simple, rapid, cheap, and sensitive. The proposed method has been successfully applied to measuring IgG in serum samples, and the obtained results agreed well with those of the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).

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