JOURNAL ARTICLE

A distinct subpopulation within CD133 positive brain tumor cells shares characteristics with endothelial progenitor cells

Seung Ah Choi, Kyu-Chang Wang, Ji Hoon Phi, Ji Yeoun Lee, Chul-Kee Park, Sung-Hye Park, Seung-Ki Kim
Cancer Letters 2012 November 28, 324 (2): 221-30
22652175
The cell surface marker CD133 has been proposed as a brain tumor stem cell marker. However, there have been substantial controversies regarding the necessity and role of CD133 in tumorigenesis. This study aimed to characterize CD133(+) cells in brain tumors. Human brain tumor specimens and whole blood were collected from the same patients (N=12). We carried out dual FACS staining for CD133/CD34 and functional tumorigenesis and angiogenesis analyses of CD133(+) cells from different origins. We also investigated the in vivo tumorigenic potential and histological characteristics of four distinct groups on the basis of expression of CD133/CD34 markers (CD133(+), CD133(+)/CD34(+), CD133(+)/CD34(-), and CD133(-)). CD133(+) brain tumor cells coexpressed significantly higher positivity for CD34 (70.7±5.2% in CD133(+) vs. 12.3±4.2% in CD133(-) cells, P<0.001). CD133(+) brain tumor cells formed neurosphere-like spheroids and differentiated into multiple nervous system lineages unlike CD133(+) blood cells. They showed biological characteristics of endothelial cells, including vWF expression, LDL uptake and tube formation in vitro, unlike CD133(-) brain tumors cells. Pathologic analysis of brains implanted with CD133(+) cells showed large, markedly hypervascular tumors with well-demarcated boundary. CD133(+)/CD34(-) cells produced smaller but highly infiltrative tumors. Notably, pure angiogenic cell fractions (CD133(+)/CD34(+)) and CD133(-) tumor cells did not generate tumors in vivo. Our data suggest the presence of a distinct subpopulation of CD133(+) cells isolated from human brain tumors, with characteristics of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs).

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
22652175
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"