COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Simulated comparison of topical and oral formulations of 5-aminosalicylate for the treatment of ulcerative colitis

Derrick J Stobaugh, Parakkal Deepak, Matthew Thorpe, Bruce Hannon, Eli D Ehrenpreis
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases 2013, 19 (2): 301-8
22644716

BACKGROUND: 5-Aminosalicylate (5-ASA) formulations are approved for the treatment of ulcerative colitis (UC). Determination of the colonic pharmacokinetics of 5-ASA is challenging. A dynamic model of 5-ASA colonic amounts after oral delayed-release 5-ASA (Asacol), oral extended delayed-release 5-ASA (Lialda), 5-ASA enema (Rowasa), foam and suppositories (Canasa) was developed to determine the colonic kinetics of these agents.

METHODS: We created a model with Stella software. Colonic 5-ASA in the right, transverse, descending, sigmoid colon, and rectum were estimated for adults after recommended doses of the above formulations. Simulations of active mild/moderate UC and in remission were performed and compared using Student's t-test for differences in means.

RESULTS: For UC in remission, the highest amounts of 5-ASA were from Asacol in the right and transverse colon (P < 0.01), Lialda in the descending and sigmoid colon (P < 0.01), and Rowasa in the rectum (P < 0.01). For active UC, sigmoid amounts were highest with foam (P < 0.01), and rectal amounts highest with Rowasa (P < 0.01). Differences in rectosigmoid amounts of 5-ASA from enemas and suppositories for UC in remission occurred based on the relationship between the timing of administration relative to the daily bowel movement (P < 0.01).

CONCLUSIONS: Compared to Asacol, Lialda results in higher 5-ASA amounts in the left colon. Asacol with Rowasa provides highest 5-ASA amounts across the entire colon. Higher 5-ASA amounts from topical formulations occur when the insertion occurs soon after the daily bowel movement. This model provides a rationale for further investigation.

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