Association of the IL28B genotype with insulin resistance in patients with chronic hepatitis C

Albert Friedrich Stättermayer, Karoline Rutter, Sandra Beinhardt, Thomas-Matthias Scherzer, Andreas Stadlmayr, Harald Hofer, Fritz Wrba, Petra Steindl-Munda, Michael Krebs, Christian Datz, Michael Trauner, Peter Ferenci
Journal of Hepatology 2012, 57 (3): 492-8

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Insulin resistance, fibrosis and steatosis are established predictors of response to peg-interferon/ribavirin therapy in chronic hepatitis C (CHC). Several host genetic polymorphisms (IL28B, PNPLA3) modify treatment-outcome, the degree of steatosis or fibrosis. The aim of our study was to evaluate the role of these polymorphisms on insulin resistance (IR) in treatment-naïve patients with chronic hepatitis C.

METHODS: Two hundred and two non-diabetic CHC patients (GT1: 181, GT4: 21; m = 126, f = 76) undergoing liver biopsy in two tertiary academic centers were studied. The SNPs rs12979860 (IL28B) and rs738409 (PNPLA3) were investigated by RT-PCR. HOMA-IR, BMI, stage of fibrosis, extent of steatosis, and genetic data were analyzed.

RESULTS: Insulin resistance (HOMA-IR ≥ 3.0) was associated with rs12979860 genotype, presence of advanced fibrosis, and higher BMI. HOMA-IR in CC and in TC/TT was 2.08 ± 1.61 (mean ± SD) and 2.94 ± 2.89 (p=0.041), respectively. HOMA-IR was higher in advanced than in mild fibrosis (F3-4: 3.92 ± 3.15; F0-2: 2.38 ± 2.38; p=0.004). The percentage of steatotic hepatocytes was higher in patients with advanced fibrosis (21.3 ± 21.5 vs. 9.1 ± 14.2; p<0.001), HOMA-IR ≥ 3.0 (17.7 ± 17.8 vs. 8.8 ± 15.4%; p<0.001), and BMI > 25.0 kg/m(2) (14.7 ± 17.0 vs. 9.1 ± 16.1; p<0.001). The rs738409 GG genotype was associated with advanced fibrosis and steatosis, but not with HOMA-IR. Multivariable logistic regression identified advanced fibrosis (OR: 2.820, 95% CI: 1.344-5.917; p = 0.006) and the IL28B genotype non-CC (OR: 3.000, 1.348-6.676; p = 0.007) as independent risk factors for insulin resistance.

CONCLUSIONS: Insulin resistance is more common in carriers of the T allele of SNP rs12979860 than in CC homozygotes and may partly explain the poor outcome of peginterferon/ribavirin therapy in these patients.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"