Contrasted effects of the multitarget TKi vandetanib on docetaxel-sensitive and docetaxel-resistant prostate cancer cell lines

Olivier Guérin, Marie-Christine Etienne-Grimaldi, Martino Monteverde, Anne Sudaka, Marie-Christine Brunstein, Patricia Formento, Laura Lattanzio, Monica Maffi, Federica Tonissi, Cécile Ortholan, Gilles Pagès, Jean-Louis Fischel, Cristiana Lo Nigro, Marco Merlano, Gérard Milano
Urologic Oncology 2013, 31 (8): 1567-75

OBJECTIVES: Overexpression of epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and angiogenic factors is associated with the progression of androgen-independent prostate cancer (AIPC). We examined the effects of vandetanib, an inhibitor of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGFR), EGFR, and rearranged during transfection (RET) tyrosine-kinase activities, alone or combined with docetaxel, on PC3 docetaxel-sensitive (PC3wt) or docetaxel-resistant (PC3R) AIPC cell growth in vivo and in vitro.

METHODS: Mice bearing PC3wt or PC3R tumors were treated for 3 weeks with vandetanib (25 or 50 mg/kg/d p.o., 5 d/wk), docetaxel (10 or 30 mg/kg i.p., 1 d/wk), or their combination (low or high doses). Xenograft tumors were analyzed for expression of Ki-67, EGFR, VEGFR2, and production of VEGFA.

RESULTS: On PC3wt, vandetanib at both doses stimulated tumor growth, whereas docetaxel at both doses exerted strong growth-inhibiting effects. The low-dose vandetanib-docetaxel combination resulted in tumor growth similar to that of control, whereas the high-dose combination induced a significant antiproliferative effect. In contrast, on PC3R, the low-dose of vandetanib had no effect on tumor growth, whereas the high-dose of vandetanib significantly inhibited tumor growth. Docetaxel at both doses exerted moderate and transient antitumor effects. The combination of high-dose vandetanib with high-dose docetaxel resulted in antiproliferative effects, which were lower than expected from the sum of individual drug effects. Importantly, tumor analyses revealed overexpression of the EGFR/VEGFR pathways in PC3R relative to PC3wt.

CONCLUSION: Present results suggest that vandetanib should not be associated with docetaxel in treatment-naive or docetaxel-resistant prostate cancer (CaP). The use of high-dose vandetanib alone may warrant further investigation in patients with docetaxel-resistant AIPC overexpressing VEGFR/EGFR pathways.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"