Relation of neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio to coronary flow to in-hospital major adverse cardiac events in patients with ST-elevated myocardial infarction undergoing primary coronary intervention

Mahmut Akpek, Mehmet Gungor Kaya, Yat Yin Lam, Omer Sahin, Deniz Elcik, Turgay Celik, Ali Ergin, Charles Michael Gibson
American Journal of Cardiology 2012 September 1, 110 (5): 621-7
With the growing understanding of the role of inflammation in patients with atherosclerotic disease, studies have focused on high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) and other inflammatory markers in their association with outcomes in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. The goal of this study was to investigate the association of the neutrophil/lymphocyte (N/L) ratio and in-hospital major adverse cardiac events (MACEs) in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). The association of hs-CRP and N/L ratio on admission with Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) flow grade after PCI was assessed in 418 consecutive primary patients with PCI. The N/L ratio was significantly higher in the no-reflow group (TIMI grade 0/1/2 flow, n = 158) compared to that of the normal-flow group (TIMI grade 3 flow, n = 260, 4.6 ± 1.7 vs 3.1 ± 1.9, p <0.001). In-hospital MACEs were significantly higher in patients with no reflow (23% vs 7%, p <0.001). There was a significant and positive correlation between hs-CRP and N/L ratio (r = 0.657, p <0.001). In receiver operating characteristic analysis, N/L ratio >3.3 predicted no reflow with 74% sensitivity and 83% specificity. In a multivariate regression model, N/L ratio remained an independent correlate of no reflow (odds ratio [OR] 1.54, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.34 to 1.76, p <0.001) and in-hospital MACEs (OR 1.14, 95% CI 0.98 to 1.32, p = 0.043). The N/L ratio, an inexpensive and easily measurable laboratory variable, is independently associated with the development of no reflow and in-hospital MACEs in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction undergoing primary PCI.


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