Mediating the effects of work-life conflict between transformational leadership and health-care workers' job satisfaction and psychological wellbeing

Fehmidah Munir, Karina Nielsen, Anne H Garde, Karen Albertsen, Isabella G Carneiro
Journal of Nursing Management 2012, 20 (4): 512-21

AIM: To explore the mediating effects of work-life conflict between transformational leadership and job satisfaction and psychological wellbeing.

BACKGROUND: The importance of work-life balance for job satisfaction and wellbeing among health-care employees is well-recognized. Evidence shows that transformational leadership style is linked to psychological wellbeing. It is possible that transformational leadership is also associated with employees' perceptions of work-life conflict, thereby influencing their job satisfaction and wellbeing.

METHODS: A longitudinal design was used where staff working within Danish elderly care completed a questionnaire at baseline and 18-month follow-up (N=188).

RESULTS: Regression analyses showed that transformational leadership style was directly associated with perceptions of work-life conflict, job satisfaction and psychological wellbeing. Work-life conflict mediated between transformational leadership and wellbeing, but not job satisfaction.

CONCLUSION: The findings suggest transformational leadership style may improve perceptions of work-life balance and employee wellbeing.

IMPLICATIONS FOR NURSING MANAGEMENT: Managers should adopt transformational leadership styles to reduce work-life conflict and enhance the wellbeing of their staff.

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