Respiratory perioperative management of patients with obstructive sleep apnea

Jahan Porhomayon, Nader D Nader, Kay B Leissner, Ali A El-Solh
Journal of Intensive Care Medicine 2014, 29 (3): 145-53
Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has become a major public health problem in the United State and Europe. However, perioperative strategies regarding diagnostic options and management of untreated OSA remain inadequate. Preoperative screening and identification of patients with undiagnosed OSA may lead to early perioperative interventions that may alter cardiopulmonary events associated with surgery and anesthesia.(1) Hence, clinicians need to become familiar with the preoperative screening and diagnosis of OSA. Perioperative management of a patient with OSA should be modified and may include regional anesthesia and alternative analgesic techniques such as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs that may reduce the need for systemic opioids. Additionally, supplemental oxygen and continuous pulse oximetry monitoring should be utilized to maintain baseline oxygen saturation. Postoperatively patients should remain in a semi-upright position and positive pressure therapy should be used in patients with high-risk OSA.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"